All Rights Reserved. First, let’s look at the roman numerals of the 12 bar progression: The progression is exactly the same as form 1 except for the 9th and 10th bars, where we now have the VI chord going to V. Locating the VI chord is easy: its root note will just be a half step above V. Here’s a diagram showing where it would be if we were in the key of A minor: The VI chord will be a dominant 7th chord, just like V. If we are in the key of A minor, the VI chord would be an F7, making all our chords for the progression Am7 (i), Dm7 (iv), E7 (V), and F7 (VI). Don’t you love the sound of that G and A cluster at the bottom of the chord? UK & Europe: +44 808 196 2012 It will also feature the VI chord, and the 12 bar progression will be slightly different than form 1. Here’s a chart showing this progression in roman numerals instead of chords: You can go about figuring out the chords for the key you are playing in using the same method that I outlined in my article about the major blues progression. The D minor 7 chord (Dm7) is the iv chord, Em7 is v, and E7 is V. As you can see, from a roman numeral standpoint the progression is the same as the major blues progression. At first glance, it appears that the minor blues are the same as the standard, except with minor chords instead of dominant 7 chords. This is the fourth part in my ‘Breaking Down the Blues’ series. Learn what notes to play with when creating original piano melodies. 11 Common Chord Progressions. Enhancing The Minor Blues Form We will then look at enhancing the minor blues form with inversions, substitutions and rehamonisations. For a review of the roman numerals system see the lesson on diatonic chords. No barre chords needed. View lesson. Blog If these areas are new to you, then check out these courses: Matt then introduced the minor pentatonic scale and the blues scale. The root note of iv will then be on the same fret but on the 5th string, and the root of v and V will be two frets higher than iv. This combo of jazz and blues piano chords will make your blues sound way more interesting. The minor blues progression follows the standard 12 bar form but with minor 7th or minor 6th chords instead of the dominant 7th chords that you would associate with the traditional 12 bar blues. You could also try to play E7 instead of Em in the last bar. You can think of this scale as a modification of the C Major Scale using the following scale degrees: 1, flat 3, 4, sharp 4, 5, and flat 7. 2. The “Major Blues Scale” is some less common than the “Minor Blues Scale”, and therefore we start … In the key of A minor, the A minor 7 chord (Am7) is the i chord. The V chord will be a dominant 7th chord, which is the same type of chord used for all the chords in the major blues progression. The famous 4-chord major progression I – V – vi – IV works so well in pop music because it brings energy and feels positive. I – V -vi – IV – (C – G – Am – F) – With Or Without You – U2 In this lesson I am going to show you two different sounds that you can use in minor blues comping. Here are links to the previous parts: In part four, I’ll talk about the second most common chord progression in the blues: the minor blues progression. We analyse the different types of bassline patterns that you can use, starting by outlining the primary chord tones, and then moving onto step-wise basslines which outline the tones of the scale. You should be comfortable with the concepts of chord extensions, altered harmony, and rootless voicings. A7 But there many other interesting options. 12-bar blues and 16-bar blues progressions are very standard in blues and concerning chords the most fundamental to learn. This chord progression is incredibly simple because it uses just three chords – I, IV, and V – but it has infinite possibilities for melodic improvisation. C Minor Blues Scale piano notation for blues piano improv What are the notes of the C Minor Blues Scale? We will then look at enhancing the minor blues form with inversions, substitutions and rehamonisations. Adding a “blue note” to the regular Pentatonic Scale results in the Pentatonic Blues Scale. minor seventh note. FAQ The following diagram includes other popular piano chord progressions in minor keys. Jazz musicians have taken the Basic I7-IV7-V Blues and added more chord changes and variations to it. I’ll start by showing the progression in the key of A minor: In the key of A minor, the A minor 7 chord (Am7) is the i chord. Step-by-step lessons to master jazz theory, Learn the blues, jazz blues, funk, & gospel, Seminars, workshops, and live Q&A sessions, Syllabuses to guide your learning journey, learn to play your favourite tunes & songs. If you’re unsure of what I mean about this, go ahead and check out part 2 of this series for a broader description. You can experiment with improvising on … In this first music lesson of ten, discover the sultry C minor blues scale for piano. Obviously it’s often found in blues songs, but you’ll see it at least occasionally in rock, funk, soul, and jazz as well. Ukulele Lessons, Guitar Lessons with Andy Lemaire In the previous parts, I covered the 12 bar blues progression, the extended box pattern of the blues scale, and I demonstrated some blues licks. Welcome to this course on the minor blues progression. Let’s get to them! There is a lesson dedicated to left hand patterns and basslines. What About More Advanced Blues Piano? I’ll start by going over the form that is the most similar to the major blues progression. Most of these variations are slight deviations from two common forms of the progression, both of which I’ll cover in this lesson. Let’s look at the most basic standard 12-Bar Dominant Blues progression. 5: The Major Pentatonic Scale. Just like the traditional, dominant chord-based blues … The D minor 7 chord (Dm7) is the iv chord, Em7 is v, and E7 is V. As you can see, from a roman numeral standpoint the progression is the same as the major blues progression. Because there are three variations of the minor scale, natural, harmonic, and melodic, the chords that stem from a minor tonality offer more harmonic variety than the major scale. Testimonials The key of the the chord progression will determine exactly which chords will be used. A steady left hand groove combined with powerful right hand licks create a rhythmic blues piano sound. Essentially, the blues is a specific progression that uses the C7, F7, and G7 chords. In case you don’t know the notes on the 6th and 5th strings, here’s a diagram showing them: To locate the i, iv and v/V chords in any key, start by finding the root note of the i chord on the 6th string. For the G minor blues progression, you could use the G blues scale. The real magic happens when you can use blues scale over more chord progressions.. The combination of notes from the minor pentatonic scale over the major chords is part of that bluesy sound. An advanced guitarist taking more of a jazz approach to soloing over this progression might use a handful of modal scales, as well as some usage of the harmonic or melodic minor scale. Glenwood Ave, Greensboro NC 27403 We start by playing through with simple triad voicings, and then we extend the chords to include the 7th. 12 Bar Blues Chord Progression I’ll also demonstrate how to put the progression together in a couple different keys, and go over some blues tunes that use this progression. To do these chords specifically as Am7, Dm7, Em7 and E7, they would be like this: For an example of doing this in another key, lets put together the progression in G minor. A favorite progression of mine, and many jazz musicians, to solo over is what’s known as the minor jazz-blues progression, featured on such jazz classics as John Coltrane’s “Mr. Studio Location & Description Something many people want to feel. Here’s how you could do them using the movable chord shapes: Let’s plug them in to our 12 bar progression: And there you have it, the G minor blues progression. This one is equally, if not more, common than form 1 of the progression. This lesson will teach how to play easy 12 bar blues progressions with open chords. Blues Piano Chords The harmony of Blues music is not usually sophisticated. Of course, you can play the blues in any key (if you really wanted … To do so, you’ll just need to know the notes on the 6th and 5th strings of the guitar, and a few movable chord shapes. We start by introducing the minor blues form and exploring the similarities and differences to the standard 12 bar blues. Now let’s go over another form of the minor blues progression. We can also introduce passing chords to add harmonic interest to the 12 bar minor blues progression. For example, an A minor blues progression would typically be: Am7, Dm7, Em7 (1,4,5). Minor piano chord progressions work in essentially the same way, except they use the minor chords from positions ii, iii, and vi of a scale. 336 587-5794, All Content © 2020 Guitar Lessons with Andy Lemaire, Use Creative, Playful Practice for More Fun and Better Results, How to Position Your Hand for the F Chord, Breaking Down the Blues, pt 6: A Sample Solo, Breaking Down the Blues, pt. To wrap things up, I thought I’d list out some songs that use the minor blues progression. Here are some of the chord progressions we hear in the minor keys. This progression can be found in many styles of music. Playing 3 CQ. So, form 2 of the A minor blues progression would be this: If we were to put the progression together in G minor, our VI chord would be Eb7, and therefore our progression and chords would be this: When it comes to soloing over both forms of the minor blues progression, there are a number of choices available to you. These scales are for obvious reasons perfect when playing blues on the piano. The following piano key chord chart shows all the triads in E minor as well as four note extended chords. So to form a 7th chord, you need to include the following notes in your chord: Root + 3rd + 5th + Minor 7th. We use the iRealPro backing track to practice our in-tempo improvisation over the form. There are a few other key differences which we will highlight in lesson 1 of the course. There are many ways you could do these chords, but here are some movable chords I like to use in this type of situation: You just need to position these chords so that their root notes (indicated by the circle with an R in it) are on the notes I diagrammed above. OK, let’s see now the most common chord progressions. Of course, just playing over the 3 basic blues chords is just scratching the surface. Now let’s go over the Basic Jazz Blues. We will now apply the tritone substitution concept to the turnaround in bars 4-5 and 7-9: In bar four … Next, you drop your left hand pinkie down a half step and you have a F# half diminished chord. In comparison with the progression I had covered in part one (which I’ll now refer to as the major blues progression), the minor blues progression has a darker, smoother sound to it. BLUES PROGRESSIONS The minor pentatonic scale can also be used over major chords like in a blues chord progression. When played over 12 bars, this progression becomes a “12-bar blues.” Note: A bar of music is a way of notating a set amount of time, or a certain number of beats, in the music. This makes 12 bars in total – one for each chord. We discuss and explore combining these scales to access more interesting sounds on the piano. (For the sake of brevity, I’ll only look at playing blues in the key of C). PC.” and “Equinox,” “Stolen Moments” by Oliver Nelson and “Footprints” by Wayne Shorter, as well as, for those old enough to remember, the original “Spiderman Theme Song” from the late-Sixties animated TV series … Then we will add some more flair to the bass line by adding in approach notes to give it a more "pro" sound. What makes the chords "bluesy" is the use of 7th chords rather than the basic triads. In the 12-bar blues, each bar would have four beats or counts, and each chord would last one bar. Leave us your email below and we will send you a full sample lesson and a PDF download. We start by recapping on the basic theory and then jump straight in with some improvisation drills and exercises to get you familiar and comfortable with these useful scales. This form of the minor blues progression uses 4 chords: the i chord, the iv chord, the v chord, and the V chord. Basic Blues Progression. King (form 2 in B minor), As The Years Go Passing By by Albert King (a slightly modified form 2 in B minor), Life is Hard by Johnny Winter (a slightly modified form 1 in C minor). Teaching Philosophy The Left Hand Blues Piano Groove. This field is for validation purposes and should be left unchanged. If you are interested about learning more about blues progressions, The … It’s very similar to form 1 in that it will still feature the i, iv and V chords. Minor key blues uses exactly the same 1 4 5 root relationship from earlier, but with minor chords instead of major/dominant 7th. Download Your Free Guitar Handbook Now: https://berkonl.in/2BnRms3 Earn Your Guitar Degree Online with Berklee: https://berkonl.in/2yHMR8k In this free online guitar tutorial, Berklee College of Music professor and Berklee Online course author Michael Williams explains minor blues progressions for the rhythm guitar in the style of BB King’s “The Thrill is Gone.” About Berklee Online: Berklee So, our chords would be Gm7, Cm7, Dm7, and D7. Here’s a chart showing this progression in … Minor Two Five One: ii – V – i. You’ll find the two five one progression in almost every jazz song. You should be comfortable with the concepts of chord extensions, altered harmony, and rootless voicings. The chords used are basically major triads and dominant seventh chords and although minor, extended, and altered chords are used by modern players, the chords associated with Blues piano are major triads and dominant seventh chords. Let’s now take a look at common chord progressions in the key of E minor natural. From the course: No Bull Guide To Jazz Piano™ (Beginner) The V chord remains the same--MAJOR or DOMINANT 7. If you are a horn player or other instrumentalist, be able to play the arpeggios. US & Canada: +1 888 616 5371, © 2020 Copyright PianoGroove. Piano Chords In The Key Of E Minor. Finally, we will learn the minor blues in 6/8 time. A lesson with Kent D. Smith . Because these are “blue notes”. The following are 11 common chord progressions in the keys of C major and A minor, as well as the titles of hit songs which make use of them. The blues scale can be used to solo over both progressions. Players like Oscar Peterson, Wes Montgomery, Wynton Kelly, Bud Powell, Gene Harris, Ray Charles, and hundreds of other great jazz musicians made this blues chord progression famous. The most common structure includes three chords and can look something like: I, IV, I, V, IV, I. Chord #1 — “The Major Triad” The Minor Blues is a great vehicle for improvisation and a very common chord progression that you want to be able to comp and solo on. The blues chord progression lasts 12 bars (thus the phrase “12-bar blues”) that move in a familiar pattern using those three chords. These 2 scales are very similar in their construction and can both be used for improvisation over minor chords. If you play a chordal instrument such as piano or guitar, be sure you can comp through this and play all of the chords. Contact A common ordering of the progression, "vi–IV–I–V", was dubbed the "sensitive female chord progression" by Boston Globe Columnist Marc Hirsh. For both form 1 and 2 of the A minor blues progression, you could use the A blues scale (meaning the A minor pentatonic scale, plus the blues note). - One of the important things that chord progressions do is establish the tonality, or tonic, of a scale. 12 bar blues is a chord progression that defines the number of bars or measures in a typical blues song structure. The I – IV – V progression uses the three major chords derived from the major scale. If they played it then we should learn how to play it too! The most common piano chord progressions. We can also introduce passing chords to add harmonic interest to the 12 bar minor blues progression. Yes, you’ll hear a lot of blues musicians just playing the basic 3 chords but if you really want to learn how to play blues piano I suggest you go much further. How to Play a Minor Blues – Tip #1: The Form. The variation involves changing the I and IV chords in the blues progression to and iv (changing major chords to minor chords). The Minor Blues Progression is a variation of the standard 12 bar blues progression. They can also use the I chord and the V or vii chord to get from one chord to another. Mr. PC by John Coltrane (form 2 in C minor), Equinox by John Coltrane (form 2 in C# minor), Birk’s Works by Dizzy Gillespie (form 2 in F minor), Stolen Moments by Oliver Nelson (form 2 in C minor during the solos), Long Train Running by The Doobie Brothers (form 2 in G minor), Shine On You Crazy Diamond by Pink Floyd (form 2 in G minor only during the keyboard, sax and guitar solos), The Thrill is Gone by B.B. Online Lessons Simply change the chord type of each chord to minor! Rates & Scheduling The basic 12 bar blues progression can be played in any key and will use the I, IV, and V chords from that key. The chart below shows both the chords to play and the pattern to play them in. Lesson #16 - Minor Blues Progression with Rootless Chords In this lesson you'll learn how play a minor blues progression along with walking bass and rootless chords. First, let’s find the root notes of our chords: Our root notes are G for I, C for iv, and D for v/V. Regardless of the approach or style that is being used, the blues scale would feature heavily in any guitarist’s scale choice, and it can sound great even if it’s the only scale used. Modal scales are more exotic sounding than the pentatonic and blues scales. Minor Blues Walkdown Progression in the key of A minor on piano Notice that you are starting on an A minor 7 chord in 3rd inversion… it sounds AWESOME! Thousands of Blues, Country, and Folk songs are built on this progression. Here’s a diagram of what I describe, with the root notes of i, iv and v/V in the key of A minor: Then, just build the chords you need off those root notes using some movable chord shapes. In the key of C the chords would be C major F major and G major. After mastering the basic minor blues progression, I'll show you how to expand it with rich jazz reharmonization and chord substitutions. 12 bar blues progressions in minor Standard 12 Bar Blues in Em This is one of the most standard progressions of blues in minor. Blues Guitar Chord Progressions. A couple rock songs that use the progression are: Warren Haynes photo credit: iaintright / CC BY-NC-SA, Bio We'll learn the 12 bar blues in several keys, and the chords you'll need to learn are the following. We then take the application of scales a step further by introducing modal scales. One of the great things about minor is that the options we have several options when it comes to the extensions or sounds available on the blues. In the final lesson in this course, we apply everything we have learnt to the famous tune "Mr PC" written by John Coltrane. Both feature the I, IV and V chords (although the numerals are lower case in the minor blues progression). A 12-bar progression is, just like the name says, a sequence consisting of 12 bars. There are a number of similarities between the minor blues progression and the major blues progression: There are also a few differences, which I’ll talk about below. Why do we play these particular flat notes? The notes of the C Minor Blues Scale are C Eb F F# G and Bb. The i, iv, and v chords will all be minor 7th chords, and are therefore indicated by lower case roman numerals. In this lesson we are going to learn the standard blues progression, listen to some famous examples of 12 bar blues songs and learn to play some blues on the piano. There are actually quite a few variations of the minor blues progression out there. A lesson dedicated to left hand pinkie down a half step and you have a #. 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