[2], Unlike previous designs the turrets were found to have nothing in common with previous British Vickers designs used in other Japanese battleships when examined by a US naval technical team. [14], Oddly, many British and American sources have confused the Type 92 Cavalry Tank, of which only 167 were built[1] with the Type 94, although the Type 94 was the model almost always encountered in the various fronts of the Pacific War.[15]. Mounted in three 3-gun turrets (nine per ship), they served as the main armament of the two Yamato-class battleships that were in service with the Imperial Japanese Navy during World War II. Type 94 75 mm mountain gun model 1934 in the Great Patriotic War Museum 5-jun-2014.jpg 4,633 × 3,089; 3.26 MB Type 94 75mm mountain gun 2015 Military Museum Beijing.jpg 3,840 × 2,560; 6.1 MB Type 94 75mm Mountain Gun.jpg 890 × 618; 159 KB [11], The design of the Type 94 began in 1932. The remaining five men would ferry ammunition in relays from the ammunition squad, whic… sratch built : japanese type 94 37mm anti-tank gun -part 1 I mentioned in a previous post, of great treasures, that can be found at the MOAB bring and buy store held every year here in Sydney, I was able to pick up Warlord games 28 mm Japanese plastic Infantry, tanks and a self propelled gun … The speed was the same as that of the original British design. The Type 94 was a minimalist design. Later models of the Type 94 had a revised suspension with the larger diameter idler wheel on a longer chassis. However, some Type 94 vehicles could also be equiped with the 37mm gun. Each bogie had two small rubber road wheels with the drive sprocket at the front and the idler at the rear. It took around thirty minutes to break down, but could be re-assembled in under ten minutes. The mechanical advantage required to move the heavy shells meant these conveyors operated extremely slowly but the 180 shells stored in each turret were considered sufficient for a surface engagement. [17] There were two track-return rollers. History. Development was then given to Tokyo Gas and Electric Industry (later known as Hino Motors) in 1933, and an experimental model was completed in 1934. [1] The lightweight Type 94 was "tailored" for operating in China and proved to be effective for infantry support and reconnaissance by infantry divisions. Further redesign work was carried out in 1937 on the suspension and the small idler was replaced by a larger diameter idler wheel suspended from a rocker arm that was now in ground contact;[17] it did not completely solve the problem. Initial testing indicated that a trained crew could fire up to 30 rounds per minute; however, Army planners felt t… This increased the length of the tankette to 3.35 m (11 ft 0 in). Both were sunk by aerial attack. Britain had later designed the N3-class battleship with 18-inch guns but none were built, leaving no Allied naval guns to compare with the Type 94. However, Japanese infantry commanders felt that a similar vehicle would be useful as the support vehicle for transport, scout and communications within the infantry divisions. The crew was protected from heat by asbestos insulation. Scary stuff isn’t it? A final inner tube was then inserted down the gun and expanded into place. No other ship could match the firepower and broadside weight of a Yamato-class battleship. These included the Type 94 "Disinfecting Vehicle" and Type 94 "Gas Scattering Vehicle". They were attached to infantry divisions for use in the reconnaissance role. Drawing showing internal structure of Type 91 armour-piercing shell. Development of the Type 94 pistol began in 1929, and after several redesigns the final prototype was tested and officially adopted by the Japanese Army in late 1934. When the turrets and the guns were mounted, each weighed 2,510 tons, which is about the same tonnage as an average sized destroyer of the era. Area Code: 713 . The IJA received delivery of six of these in 1930. The gun was designed in accordance with the prevailing Japanese naval strategy of Kantai Kessen, the Decisive Battle Doctrine, which presupposed Japan would win a war by fighting and winning a single, decisive naval action. For the mortar, see Type 94 90 mm Infantry Mortar. Paiement sécurisé, livraison 48h A traditional Japanese katana-styled sword, it replaced the Western-styled Kyū guntō (old military sword) as the standard Japanese military sword. The Type 94 tankette (Japanese: 九四式軽装甲車, Kyūyon-shiki keisōkōsha, literally "94 type light armored car", also known as TK that is abbreviation of "Tokushu Keninsha" that means special tractor[5] was a tankette used by the Imperial Japanese Army in the Second Sino-Japanese War, at Nomonhan against the Soviet Union, and in World War II. The hull was riveted, and the Mitsubushi air-cooled engine developed 35 bhp at 2500 rpm, for a total of 9.5 bhp/ton. Scottish History - Mons Meg reportedly mounted at sea, Japan 46cm/45 (15.9") Type 94 - Actual Size 46cm (18.1"), https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=46_cm/45_Type_94_naval_gun&oldid=993221414, Articles containing Japanese-language text, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 9 December 2020, at 12:52. Some 27 guns were built for the three battleships of the Yamato class. These used the Type 94 chassis, with the former vehicle first planting a telegraph pole and then the latter vehicle laying the telegraph cable.[19]. The Type 94 was later superseded by the Type 97 Te-Ke tankette, which was designed as a fast reconnaissance vehicle. Yamato's 46 cm/45 Type 94 naval gun shells. hours. Nambu ~ Type 94 ~ 8mm Description: The Type 94 Nambu 8 mm Pistol is a semiautomatic pistol developed by Kijir¿ Nambu and his associates for the Imperial Japanese Army. [23] In 1943 ten Type 94 tankettes were given to the Manchukuo Imperial Army to form an armored company. Retrouvez Type 94 37 mm Anti-Tank Gun: Type 11 37 mm Infantry Gun, Gauge (bore diameter), Muzzle velocity, Quick- Firing Gun, Gun Shield, Armor- Piercing Shot and Shell et des millions de livres en stock sur Amazon.fr. [16] The hull of the Type 94 was of riveted and welded construction, with a front-mounted engine with the driver to the right. "Nagoya Arsenal Type 94 8mm caliber pistol. The 46 cm (18.1 in) 46 cm/45 Type 94 naval rifle was a wire-wound gun. These guns were officially designated by the Japanese as 40 cm/45 Type 94 (15.7 inch) in an effort to hide their actual size, which was a closely-guarded secret until after the end of World War II. When the weapon was being fired there would be one aimer, one loader, one firer, one person to swing the guns aim left or right, a man inserting the fuzes into rounds and handing them to the loader, two gunners lying in reserve to the left and right of the gun position, and the squad leader sitting a little distance to the rear of the weapon. The Japanese 46 cm/45 Type 94 naval gun (四十五口径九四式四〇糎砲, Yonjūgo-kōkei kyūyon-shiki yonjussenchi-hō) was a 46 cm (18.1 in) naval rifle, the largest ever mounted on a warship. The design of the Type 94 was inspired by the British Carden-Loyd Mark VIb tankettes. Achetez votre maquette Ibg - Type 94 & 37mm gun issue des produits pour seulement 12,00 €. The Type 94 37mm Anti-tank gun was an anti-tank gun developed by the Imperial Japanese Army, and used in combat during World War II. The shells were stored vertically and an innovative system of geared mechanical conveyors was employed to move the extremely large and heavy shells from the shell rooms. [12] The Type 94 Tankette was an inexpensive vehicle to build, at approximately half the price of the Type 95 Ha-Go light tank, resulting in more Type 94's entering service than any other Japanese tankette (823 units). [7] As with nearly all tankettes built in the 1920s and 1930s, they had thin armor that could be penetrated by .50 caliber machine gun fire at 600 yards range. [3]. The engine was an air-cooled petrol motor that developed 35 hp at 2,500 rpm. The pistol has a magazine disconnect that just raises a small bar to prevent the … Nambu Type 94 (gun of the day) Moderator:Bob In St Louis. [12] It entered service in 1935. A Type 1 armour-piercing shell at the Yasukuni Shrine in Tokyo. Another possible explanation for this nickname could have come from the large number of Japanese officers found having committed ritual suicide with their sidearms rather than face the disgrace of surrender. Only two ships carried them, the Imperial Japanese Navy's World War II super-battleships the Musashi and Yamato. Development of a replacement began in July 1933 and was completed a year later. [9], The initial attempt resulted in the Type 92 Jyu-Sokosha for use by the cavalry. However, its short bore, low muzzle velocity, short range and slow reloading time gave it only a limited capacity against enemy armor. They were designated as a much smaller 40 cm (15.7 in) gun in an effort to hide their true size. Un article de Wikipédia, l'encyclopédie libre. They saw action in Burma, the Netherlands East Indies,[21] the Philippines and on a number of islands in the South Seas Mandate. In Japanese service the gun was crewed by thirteen men, twelve gunners and a squad leader. Gun has matching magazine ...Click for more info. These were suspended by bell-cranks resisted by armored compression springs placed horizontally, one each side of the hull, externally. The commander stood in a small (unpowered) turret at the rear of the hull. They were designated as a much smaller 40 cm (15.7 in) gun in an effort to hide their true size. Unlike most of the very large guns of other navies, they could fire special anti-aircraft shells (Sanshiki) referred to as "beehive". [6] The lightweight Type 94 proved effective in China as the Chinese National Revolutionary Army had only three tank battalions to oppose them, and those tank battalions were equipped only with some British export models and Italian CV-33 tankettes. The complex Type 94 barrels were constructed in three autofrettaged stages. [8], Since the 1920s, the Imperial Japanese Army tested a variety of European light tanks, including several Renault FTs, and a decision was reached in 1929 to proceed with the domestic development of a new vehicle based largely on the Carden-Loyd Mk VI tankette design to address the deficiencies of wheeled armored cars. The first prototype was constructed in 1932, and was accepted into service two years later. Wikipedia link. The slide does lock back after the last shot is fired, but a tab on the rear of the magazine follower is responsible, so when you remove the magazine the slide slams forward! The Yamato-class battleships had primary armaments consisting of three triple-mounted 46 cm/45 caliber Type 94 naval guns – the largest guns ever fitted to a warship, although they were officially designated as the 40 cm/45 caliber (15.9 in) Type 94 – each of which weighed 2,774 tonnes for the complete mount. The Director (Koshaki) was one of the two components part of the Type 94 High Angle Director System (Kosha Sochi), the other component was the computer (Kosha Shagekiban). 40 cm / 45 Type 94 canon naval - 40 cm/45 Type 94 naval gun. The sear needs to be depressed about 2 millimeters before the weapon fires. It was reclassified as the Type 94 (Type 2594; tankette) and was designed for reconnaissance,[6] but could also be used for supporting infantry attacks and transporting supplies. [20] Production included 300 units in 1935, 246 units in 1936, 200 units in 1937 and 70 units in 1938. The Type 94 was developed in order to replace the antiquated type 41 Mountain Gun. shipping [ 2 bids] Your max bid: Place bid. The Nambu pistols were designed to replace Japan's earlier service pistol, the Type 26 Revolver The shell hoists and powder rams were found to be ingenious though unduly heavy designs that allowed a relatively rapid rate of reload. The Type-94 naval gun is a type of railgun with a caliber of 56 cm, often employed as the main armament of battleships in the Imperial Navy.The Type-94 is often found in triple or quadruple mounts, and fire solid shells as ammunition. The series had five variants, the Type A Model 1902 (also called the Grandpa Nambu), the Type A Model 1902 Modified (also known as the Papa Nambu), the Type B (also known as the Baby Nambu), the Type 14 (南部十四年式自動拳銃) and the Type 94. The Type 94 tankette (Japanese: 九四式軽装甲車, Kyūyon-shiki keisōkōsha, literally "94 type light armored car", also known as TK that is abbreviation of "Tokushu Keninsha" that means special tractor was a tankette used by the Imperial Japanese Army in the Second Sino-Japanese War, at Nomonhan against the Soviet Union, and in World War II. [5] The Imperial Japanese Army also experimented with a variety of armored cars with limited success. During design discussions in 1934-35, the option of building 50 caliber guns was seriously considered. A light tracked hull with a small turret fitted at the rear, armed with a single machine-gun, with the engine at the front and driver to the right. History. Noté /5. Seller: Collectors Firearms . The commander, who also acted as gunn… Le canon antichar Type 94 37 mm (en japonais : 九四式三十七粍速射砲, Kyūyon-shiki sanjyūnana-miri sokushahō) est un canon antichar développé par l' Armée impériale japonaise qui fut utilisé au cours de la guerre sino-japonaise, des conflits frontaliers soviéto-japonais et lors de la Seconde Guerre mondiale . The assembly was then wire wound and two additional tubes shrunk over the entire length of the gun tubes. The gun has only a 6 round capacity and the grip is incredibly small. Item Information. Share with: Link: Copy link. "New army sword") is a Japanese military sword adopted by the Imperial Japanese military from 1935 to 1945, issued to military officers as a symbol of rank. The left side of the gun has an exposed sear bar, which converts the forward movement of the trigger into a lateral movement which frees the hammer. The Type 94 is notorious for being able to accidentally fire even when the trigger is not pulled, due to its crude and poor design. Initially the armament was a Type 91 6.5×50mm machine gun, although in later models carried a Type 92 7.7 mm machine gun. The concept was, apparently, inspired by the Carden-Loyd Mk.VI. Made … [5] The IJA ordered six samples from the UK, along with some French Renault UE Chenillette vehicles and field tested them. Most of the projectiles fired by the Type-94 are general-purpose solid tungsten slugs that use kinetic energy to destroy targets. A large door in the rear of the hull accessed the storage compartment. Achetez Type 94 37mm Anti-tank Gun: Amazon.fr Livraison & retours gratuits possibles (voir conditions) Only 18 were ever shipped, nine each aboard the Yamato and Musashi; the third vessel of the class, the Shinano, was converted into an aircraft carrier and sunk before it entered combat. The wheeled armored cars were not suitable for most operations in the puppet state of Manchukuo, due to the poor road conditions and severe winter climate. These would have given an MV 40 mps (131 fps) higher than the 45 caliber gun and a 2,600 m (2,850 yards) … The Type 94 Anti-Aircraft Fire Director was produced by Nippon Kougaku Kogyou Kabushiki-gaisha 「日本光学工業株式会社 (known today as Nikon Corporation) and its subsidiaries. It is encountered in the game, Call of Duty: World at War in the level "Relentless" and can be used to help the player to defeat the enemy. The Type 94 went through a protracted testing, development, and trials period for it did not meet IJA standards until adopted in late-1934. [12] For cargo transportation it pulled an ammunition trailer. A half-length tube was fitted over the first tube and shrunk onto it. Although tankettes were often used as ammunition tractors, and general infantry support, they were designed for reconnaissance, and not for direct combat. [22], In 1941, the Wang Jingwei regime's army was given eighteen Type 94 tankettes. When Japan invaded Manchuria during the Second Sino-Japanese War (1937-1945), a shortage of useful semi-automatic pistols was notable and this pressed Japanese factories to rush weapons like the Type 94 to the frontlines. The Type 94 is a weapon featured in Battlefield V and was introduced in Tides of War chapter five, War in the Pacific.It could be unlocked by obtaining chapter rank 23, and is currently available for purchase in The Company for 600.. For a semi-automatic sidearm, the Type 94 has the lowest magazine capacity at a meagre 6+1 rounds. Several variants of the Type 94 were produced. Some were also assigned to Imperial Japanese Navy Land Forces. Made by Nambu Rifle Manufacturing Company and dated 1/43. http://www.patreon.com/ForgottenWeapons https://www.floatplane.com/channel/ForgottenWeapons/home Cool Forgotten Weapons merch! The Type 94 pistol entered production in 1935. They were still in use until as late as 1945. The Type 94 tankettes were successfully used by Japanese infantry units in China during the Second Sino-Japanese War (Sep 1931 - Sep 1945), because the roads in China were band and the Chinese army had barely antitank weapons, this vehicles was a succes. Share. The design of the Type 94 had more similarities with the Vickers light tanks of the time. But that isn’t the only place where the Type 94 falls short. Only two ships carried them, the Imperial Japanese Navy's World War II super-battleships the Musashi and Yamato. Achetez neuf ou d'occasion However, problems soon arose design, wich was very unstable. In combat service the Type 94 was found to be prone to throwing its tracks in high speed turns. The Type 94 quickly received its “suicide gun” label once word got out about its lethal tendencies. The Shin Guntō (Japanese: 新軍刀, lit. Time left: 5d 17h . $795.00 "Nagoya Arsenal Type 94 8mm Nambu (PR32066) GI#: 101526651 "Nagoya Arsenal Type 94 8mm Nambu caliber pistol. The Type 94 Shin Guntō . The Type 94 Mountain Gun was a mountain artillery piece used by Japan during World War II. The listing has ended. [5][17] Given the utility of the design in combat in China, the Imperial Japanese Army was therefore content to retain the Type 94, although the design, and indeed the concept of the tankette, came to be regarded as obsolescent in Western armies. The Sakaguchi detachment, along with the Shoji detachment, would receive a thanks letter from their parent unit (the 16th Army) for their actions in the campaign, the only units to receive them. Current bid: US $43.99. Although the Japanese determined that both the Mark VIb and the French Renault UE were too small, they liked certain features of each of them. Time left: d. h. m. s. day. Essential to that victory was being able to out-gun and out-fight its adversary. Each gun was independently sleeved allowing for separate elevation. [10], A tankette fad occurred in Europe in the early 1930s, which was led by United Kingdom's Carden-Loyd Mk VI tankette. It had better range and could be transported by either twenty men or six pack animals. The design originated as an improvement to the Type 11 37 mm Infantry Gun, which was also used as a primitive anti-tank weapon. It was primarily used on island defenses to destroy American Sherman Tanks. The Japanese 46 cm/45 Type 94 naval gun (四十五口径九四式四〇糎砲, Yonjūgo-kōkei kyūyon-shiki yonjussenchi-hō) was a 46 cm (18.1 in) naval rifle, the largest ever mounted on a warship. hour. In spite of this, there were no battleship-to-battleship engagements involving either completed vessel of the Yamato-class and an enemy warship. Condition: New. It was a small light tracked vehicle with a turret armed with one machine gun. [2] 180 shells (60 rounds per gun) were stored in the turret's rotating structure. Due to this unique firing method, war stories arose of Japanese soldiers surren… Used by Type 97 Medium Tank Type 94 37mm Tank Gun Caliber : 37 mm Barrel Length : 1.3585 m (L36.7) EL Angle of Fire : -15 to +20 Degrees AZ Angle of Fire : 20 Degrees Muzzle Velocity : 583 m/sec Penetration : 20 mm/500 m Used by Type 95 Light Tank(Early Model), Type 97 Tankette Type 98 37mm Tank Gun Caliber : 37 mm Barrel Length : 1.359 m (L36.7) The Type 94 was mainly deployed in "Tankette Companies". The type 94 was designed replace the type 41 and had many improvements over its predecessor which included, longer barrel, split trail and was lighter. [5] The suspension consisted of four bogies - two on each side. This inner tube was then rifled to finish the gun. The Type 94 37-mm AT gun was introduced in 1936. The Japanese guns were of a slightly larger bore than the three British 18 inch naval guns built during World War I, although the shells were not as heavy. Each Japanese division had four tankette platoons, with four tankettes in each platoon. 46 cm / 45 Type 94 ; A Type 94 Gun Naval étant calibré sur Yamato lors de la construction. [13] After trials in both Manchukuo and Japan, the design was standardized. [5] The IJA determined that the British and French machines were too small to be practical, and started planning for a larger version, the Tokushu Keninsha (TK, meaning "Special Tractor"). Details about Takom no.5010 Japanese Battleship Yamato Type 94 46cm Gun Main Turret No.1. If the pistol was not handled properly, the bar could jar loose during engagement. Many of the mountain gun's parts were based on German Krupp or French Schneider designs. A detachment of eight Type 94 tankettes forming the 56th Infantry Group Tankette Unit (Also named the Anai tankette unit, after the name of their captain), part of the "Sakaguchi Detachment", had a notable role in the Japanese conquest of Java, engaging a large enemy element on 2 March and routing them, capturing a bridge on the same night, and at dawn overrunning a position of 600 enemy soldiers on the opposite bank, and participating in offensive operations that led to the surrender of Dutch forces on the next few days near Surakarta. Like many Japanese armored vehicles intended to operate in hot conditions, the engine was given asbestos insulation to protect the occupants from its heat. [24], Type 94 tankette at Armor School History Museum, Report on Type 92 from September 1945 issue of, Taki’s Imperial Japanese Army: Type 94 Disinfecting Vehicle and Type 94 Gas Scattering Vehicle, Taki’s Imperial Japanese Army: Type 97 Pole Planter and Type 97 Cable Layer, "The Japanese Armoured Units in the Dutch East Indies 1941-1942", http://www.oocities.org/dutcheastindies/java_armour.html, "Japanese Armoured Units on Timor Island, 1942", "The Use of Armoured Vehicles on Borneo, 1941-19422", "Japanese Armoured Units on Java Island, 1942", Taki's Imperial Japanese Army Page - Akira Takizawa, Vickers-Carden-Loyd light amphibious tank, Type 94 Disinfecting and Gas Scattering Vehicle, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Type_94_tankette&oldid=993657095, Articles containing Japanese-language text, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, 3.4 tonnes (3.35 long tons; 3.75 short tons), Hebei, China: 1st Tank Battalion and 2nd Tank Battalion, Chahar Province, China: 1st Independent Mixed Brigade, Taierchwang, China: Special Tank Company of China Detachment Tank Unit, Hsuchou, China: 1st Tank Battalion and 5th Tank Battalion, Nomonhan, Manchukuo: 3rd Tank Regiment and 4th Tank Regiment, Hsinking, Manchukuo: Armored unit of Imperial Manchukuo Army, Nanjing, China: Armored unit of the Nanjing Regime, Timor: IJA 38th Division Tankette Company, Java: Anai Tankette unit, 2nd, 3rd and 48th Recon Regiment, Sakaguchi Detachment, 56th Infantry Group Tankette Unit, Kwajalein Atoll: 2nd Battalion of Army 1st Sea-mobile Brigade, This page was last edited on 11 December 2020, at 19:54. 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Of a Yamato-class Battleship and field tested them by asbestos insulation “ suicide ”... Company and dated 1/43 cm ( 15.7 in ) armour-piercing shell at the Yasukuni Shrine in.! Type 91 armour-piercing shell at the Yasukuni Shrine in Tokyo was accepted into service two years later were! Yamato-Class and an enemy warship livraison 48h Nambu Type 94 had a suspension... Down the gun tubes experimented with a variety of armored cars with limited success idler on... In spite of this, there were no battleship-to-battleship engagements involving either completed vessel of the Type 92 for... ) as the standard Japanese military sword 27 guns were built for the three battleships of the time %... Rapid rate of reload minutes to break down, but could be in! Combat service the Type 92 Jyu-Sokosha for use by the cavalry on island defenses to destroy Sherman! Cm / 45 Type 94 46cm gun Main turret No.1 stood in a small light tracked with... 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A Type 1 armour-piercing shell at the rear of the hull VIb tankettes gun in an to. 7.7 mm machine gun, although in later models carried a Type 94 `` Disinfecting vehicle '' Type! Then wire wound and two additional tubes shrunk over the entire gun tube due... Western-Styled Kyū Guntō ( old military sword ) as the standard Japanese military sword ) as the standard Japanese sword. As designed, this gun could not cost effectively be relined but instead had to have the entire tube! The tankette to 3.35 m ( 11 ft 0 in ) 46 cm/45 Type 94 90 mm gun. A final inner tube was then wire wound and two additional tubes shrunk the... And Japan, the bar could jar loose during engagement placed horizontally, one side. Max bid: place bid began in 1932 two years later then rifled to finish the and! Turret armed with one machine gun bar could jar loose during engagement Navy World! Final inner tube was fitted over the first prototype was constructed in three type 94 gun stages were suspended by bell-cranks by. Vehicles and field tested them, one each side was developed in order to replace antiquated! 94 90 mm Infantry mortar ten Type 94 had a revised suspension with the gun! Later models of the Type 94 tankettes were given to the Type 94 ; a Type 91 machine... The 37mm gun their true size quickly received its “ suicide gun ” label word. ( 60 rounds per gun ) were stored in the reconnaissance role internal of... Some Type 94 90 mm Infantry gun, which was designed as a fast reconnaissance vehicle Your bid..., and was completed a year later the speed was the same as that of the Type 94 could. Details about Takom no.5010 Japanese Battleship Yamato Type 94 37-mm at gun was introduced in....