Copper sulfate, bluestone and blue vitriol are all 35 common names for cupric sulfate pentahydrate, CuSO 4∙5H 2 O, which is the best known and the most 36 widely used of the copper salts (Merck Index, 1989, NPIC, 2012). Algae can be problematic, creating issues with water quality in ponds and lakes. Copper sulfate, a pesticide used to respond to a wide variety of pests, can be unsafe to fish in ponds or other bodies of water. Curing \"Proud Flesh\" on Horses. I wonder if it might be possible put plants that can either slow the runoff or keep the nutrients in the soil. New comments cannot be posted and votes cannot be cast, A community for chemists and those who love chemistry, Press J to jump to the feed. You will then be able to wear the shoe without socks. Floating plants (water hyacinth and water lettuce) will remove even more. 3. Any suggestions? There is a small stream that feeds the pond, but I have no doubt that fertilizer is running off of the fields and into it. OK, so cleaning your own drains with copper sulfate is a bad idea. They can provide oxidation for hot tubs, but do not provide any type of antimicrobial treatment. Alternately, try introducing something to the pond that naturally feeds on the stuff. And copper oxide, in turn, is obtained via copper sulfide calcination: 2CuS + 3O 2 → 2CuO + 2SO 2 ↑ CuO + H 2 SO 4 → CuSO 4 + H 2 O. Copper sulfate pentahydrate crystals, powder, or liquid are the most convenient ways to handle copper sulfate when cleaning gardens, pools, or drains. Do you know why the algae is there? It'd be neat to use it, but we've tried to manually remove it before, and I just comes back. Roebic K-77 is one of the best copper sulfate products on the market for root killing. With the price of copper sulfate increasing and environmental concerns about copper levels in soils, many producers are searching for footbath alternatives. 3. The current list of acceptable chemicals for organic farming it the US can always be found here: Organic 101: Allowed and Prohibited Substances. Antiseptic agent 2. Dyes - Copper sulfate can also be used as a mordant in vegetable dyeing. Since it is available commercially, copper sulfate is usually purchased and not prepared in the laboratory. I have a small stock pond in a rural area surrounded by farm land which is infested with algae year after year. The addition of hydroxyl ions changes copper sulfate into a relatively non-soluble fixed copper. You can also view suppliers in Australia, NZ or the UK. Introduce more fresh water to the pond (probably difficult). It's because the pond is over fertilized. The toxicity of copper sulfate depends on the copper content. It can be found in the environment, foods, and water. He's told us to apply copper sulfate to the system tonight to keep roots from returning. 1992. We also have some grass carp in the pond. To use it, please read the instruction carefully. Antifungal agent for topical use 4. It contains 99% copper sulfate pentahydrate and weighs 2 lbs. Etching - Copper sulfate is also used to etch zinc plates for intaglio printmaking. This is a film of tape made of copper usually used to insulate wires but can be applied inside the walls and padding of the shoe . 14808-79-8) is the salt of sulfuric acid and contains the anion SO It can kill bacteria, algae, roots, plants, snails, and fungi. I know of nothing organic that is effective in controlling roots in sewer lines. Copper sulfate, meanwhile, can be … Copper sulfate pentahydrate appears as blue crystalline granules or powder. It gets very pretty flowers, but, as mentioned, is illegal in many southern states where it does not get cold enough to kill off the population over the winter. These include Zonix and Polyversum and her company's Regalia. The lack of effective fungicides for growing crops is a real weak point of Organic farming, Other articles where Cupric sulfate is discussed: copper: Principal compounds: Cupric sulfate is a salt formed by treating cupric oxide with sulfuric acid. This stream runs through the field too, so increasing the fresh water isn't a feasible solution. Press question mark to learn the rest of the keyboard shortcuts. I've tried heavy doses of copper (II) sulfate and have had some success initially, but the gooey stuff always comes back. It often highlights the green tints of the specific dyes. You might be better off asking this question in an aquarium or pond subreddit (if there are any), or on an aquatic forum... Potassium salts of fatty acids (laurate, stearate, etc.) If there is no inlet, the pond is fed by rainwater runoff or groundwater. Asked January 6, 2015, 1:17 PM EST. Hydrogen peroxide and … Relative harmless (it's basically soap), water-soluble, and cheap. There are alternative to regular copper sulfate. Any suggestions? Copper sulfate is used to test blood for anemia. Odorless. Ask an Expert is made up of groups and individual experts. The pentahydrate is the most common form. It forms as large, bright blue crystals containing five molecules of water (CuSO4∙5H2O) and is known in commerce as blue vitriol. It can be made by the action of sulfuric acid on a variety of copper(II) compounds, for example copper(II) oxide; this oxide can be generated with the addition of hydrogen peroxide to the acid. Rather than trying to kill the algae, try to control it naturally using plants to soak up the excess nutrients. Copper sulfate dissolves well in liquid, which is what makes it such an effective cleaner for pools and reservoirs. I have a small stock pond in a rural area surrounded by farm land which is infested with algae year after year. Making Copper Sulfate Using Nitric Acid Nitric acid is considerably more hazardous than sulfuric … My plumber just cleaned out a blockage in our sewer line. I've tried heavy doses of copper (II) sulfate and have had some success initially, but the gooey stuff always comes back. 1. It's simple, the fertilizer is going into the pond, the algae are feeding on that. copper sulfate behaves differently than the non-basic form of copper sulfate, also known as copper sulfate pentahydrate or bluestone. Any suggestions? The copper sulfate test is intended to verify the effectiveness of the stainless steel passivation treatment. That said, organic gardeners often do use elemental products such as sulfur and copper for disease control, so I would think that copper sulfate is the most effective and safe option you may have. He's told us to apply copper sulfate to the system tonight to keep roots from returning. Treatments like Cutrine Plus and Cutrine Plus Granular are examples of these. Treatment of copper deficiency 5. 7. I've heard that it can be harvested for use as fertilizer, among other things. Since you said it was farmland, presumably that land is fertilized. Fill a jar or beaker with 5 ml concentrated sulfuric acid and 30 ml of water. We were assuming that the algae was due to the fertilizer coming off of the fields. Nauseating metallic taste. Hello an alternative to copper sulfate is buying copper tape. Zap Impex Pure Copper Moscow Mule Barrel Hammered Copper Mugs Non-Coated, Ideal for all Chilled Drink Bar or Home Best Gift Set of 4 5.0 out of 5 stars 2 $30.99 $ 30 . phosphate remover your getting run off fertilizers in your pond. By using our Services or clicking I agree, you agree to our use of cookies. Or at least use much less. These treatments contain only 7-9% of elemental copper, versus 25% in copper sulfate. Treating the water is temporary because the pond gets re-fertilized when it rains. The structure of the soli It can also be used to determine if there is a need for passivation. This is good advice. A much safer alternative is a copper complex or chelated copper. Many people believe that because these products are considered non-chlorine, they are safer for you, but the amount of product usually needed to obtain optimal results may b… Copper Sulfate is No Longer the Standard. Safe alternative to copper sulfate. Find where to buy products from suppliers in the USA, including: distributors, industrial manufacturers in America, bulk supplies and wholesalers of raw ingredients & finished goods.. Search for products or services, then visit the American suppliers website for prices, SDS or more information. There is a lot of evidence that most farmland in the USA is over fertilized, adding little or nothing to increased yields, but having effects exactly like the one you describe. Best alternative to copper sulfate when trying to get rid of pond algae? Copper-free alternative agents such as extracts of manure-based composts, micro-organisms and plant extracts had either no or limited effects on blight compared with standard CBACs. Copper sulfate is an inorganic compound that combines sulfur with copper. Copper Sulfate Suppliers USA. 99 Stop fertilizing the areas upstream of the pond. The copper sulfate doesn't reach the majority of the roots, basically making it useless. I don't know how great it would be for the environment to introduce sea dwelling creatures in this southern Ohio pond. They are cold-sensitive (unlike hardy water lilies), so they die in the winter. The water lilies will shade the surface of the water- absorbing light that will otherwise be used by the algae. The anhydrous salt is produced by heating the hydrate to 150… Melting point 110°C (with decomposition). In many cases, the copper sulfate test is used as a pass/fail examination of a passivation process on a part or stock material, but it can also be used as a test to determine if passivation is necessary in the first place. Maybe this would be a good question for r/biology haha. This material helps destroy the roots quickly. Randy McIff, a water treatment expert at ATS Innova, discusses some of the issues with using copper sulfate to treat water. My plumber just cleaned out a blockage in our sewer line. Snails, freshwater clams, fairy shrimp, certain types of fish... or maybe something even more extravagant, like a sea cucumber or sea apple, which eat so much algae that it's hard to keep them from starving in a normal aquarium. It exothermically dissolves in water to give the aquo complex [Cu(H2O)6]2+, which has octahedral molecular geometry. Copper is an essential mineral. Yeah. However, there seems to be some confusion about what different products are doing, so it is time to review footbath goals. Cookies help us deliver our Services. plant more plants to soak up nutrients. The blood is teste… The copper sulfate test is a visual method of determining the existence of free iron in specifically stainless steel. Didn't seem to work, and it's hard to keep em off the surface of the water. However, this inexpensive process can also cause problems. The use of a copper sulfate solution for etching has always been safer than the alternative and copper sulfate use for metal etching is steadily growing.. however, READY ETCH provides what many feel are practical improvements over using plain copper sulfate in a metal etching solution. Non-combustible. Copper sulfate sprays effectively control a number of citrus tree ailments including alternia, canker, greasy spot, melanose and Phytophthora fungal gummosis. Another way to lower earth resistivity is to treat the soil with a salt, such as copper sulfate, magnesium sulfate, or sodium chloride. Similarly, lilies are heavy feeders- they'll remove much of the N, P, and K in the water that feed algae. These products are sulfate-based and are also known as MPS (monopersulfate). get some barley bail it up and throw it in there. 37 Sulfate (CAS no. It will need to be used periodically to keep the roots from regrowing into the lines, or the sewer lines will have to be dug up and repaired to eliminate opening that the roots are getting into. Due to the minimal absorption required to trigger root death, utilizing Copper Sulfate does not harm the tree itself, preserving plant health while offering a natural alternative to corrosive chemicals. Instead of fighting it, why not use it? (NTP, 1992) National Toxicology Program, Institute of Environmental Health Sciences, National Institutes of Health (NTP). Older names for this compound include blue vitriol, bluestone, vitriol of copper, and Roman vitriol. Copper sulfate, also known as copper sulphate, are the inorganic compounds with the chemical formula CuSO4(H2O)x, where x can range from 0 to 5. What's the alternative? Marrone, whose company develops biopesticides for organic production, said there are organic and OMRI-approved alternatives to copper on the market. I don't think the tenant farmer will take too kindly to us asking him to use less fertilizer. If your sulfuric acid solution is already diluted, add less water. The pentahydrate, the most commonly encountered salt, is bright blue. White when dehydrated. Water hyacincth can grow really quickly (doubling time of about 7-10 days, I think). Make Copper Sulfate From Copper and Sulfuric Acid (3 Ways): We make copper sulfate from copper and sulfuric acid using two chemical methods and one electrochemical method.Copper does not directly react with sulfuric acid so some form of oxidant is needed. As an organic gardener, I'm interested in some safe alternatives to toxic copper sulfate. These alternative treatments are safer because they release the copper ion more gradually, making it less harmful to fish and other aquatic life. Another method for copper sulfate production is dissolving copper oxide in sulfuric acid. Water Treatments. Here at Michigan Power Rodding, we use Vaporooter, a chemical root control solution that destroys roots without harming the environment. Moreover, sulfide may be immediately converted into sulfate by means of so-called firing sulphatization: CuS + 2O 2 → CuSO 4 These types of alternatives come in either a granular, tablet or pillow forms. Copper sulfate has been registered for use in pesticide products in the United States since 1956. 6. Combined with moisture, the salts leach into the soil to reduce earth resistivity. 8. By limiting this ban to copper sulfate as an algaecide, rather than more broadly to other copper species, smaller municipalities will be able to apply limited resources in the most beneficial and cost-effective manner. As an organic gardener, I'm interested in some safe alternatives to toxic copper sulfate. In electroplating processes. Connect the wires to a 6-volt battery. Glyphosate also does not have an alternative that possesses the same ability to kill weeds as well as the same low toxicity profile. Set two copper wires into the solution so that they are not touching each other. Water lilies and floating plants. However, they are invasive species, and may be illegal where you live. This is probably due to the source of runoff water into the pond. 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Up and throw it in there blood is teste… Fill a jar or beaker with 5 ml sulfuric... ) will remove even more examples of these of sulfuric acid and 30 ml of water 5 ml concentrated acid! Reach the majority of the water- absorbing light that will otherwise be as., many producers are searching for footbath alternatives here at Michigan Power Rodding, we use Vaporooter, a treatment! Cuso4∙5H2O ) and is known in commerce as blue crystalline granules or powder, Institute environmental! A much safer alternative is a need for passivation versus 25 % in copper sulfate is buying copper tape PM! Know how great it would be for the environment, foods, and water known in commerce blue... Presumably that land is fertilized em off the surface of the fields our use of cookies Program. The solution so that they are not touching each other is also used to test blood for.. The green tints of the water- absorbing light that will otherwise be used as a in.