This site needs JavaScript to work properly. Physiological differences in professional basketball players as a function of playing position and level of play. The components of fitness include Strength, Power, Speed, Endurance, Balance, Coordination, Reaction Time, Muscular Endurance, Cardiovascular Fitness, Body Composition and Flexibility. Physiol. 2016 May;75(2):181-7. doi: 10.1017/S0029665115004206. & JIMÉNEZ-DIAZ, J. F. Body composition features in different playing position of professional team indoor players: basketball, handball and futsal. An interactionist view linking time-motion analysis, lactate concentration and heart rate. This paper explores scientific data on structural and functional demands of elite basketball players to establish the physiological profile of successful athletes. External mechanical work versus oxidative energy consumption ratio during a basketball field test. The following is an exclusive excerpt from the book NSCA's Guide to Tests and Assessments, published by Human Kinetics.All text and images provided by Human Kinetics. Tab le 2. Abdelkrim N. B., E.F. Saloua, and E.A. Strength Cond. 8. The contribution of anthropometric and physiological attributes. Strength Cond. ies have documented changes in body composition in female collegiate athletes from pre- to postseason; however, longitudinal studies examining changes across years are scarce. 28:657–662. Sports Med. FFM components differed from the established values based on cadaver analysis. The results presented in this study provide a point of reference about sprinter … Ferret, V. Vitelli, and G. Baverel (2005). 7:118-122. Dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) was used to assess bone mineral (Mo) and lean-soft tissue (LST). J. Body composition (BC) plays a critical role in athlete health and sport performance. The physiological load imposed on basketball players during competition. Silva AM, Matias CN, Santos DA, Rocha PM, Minderico CS, Sardinha LB. 25. The present research investigates anthropometric characteristics, body composition and somatotype components of active Kosovo elite athletes of the sports: basketball, handball and football, and the obtained results are mutually compared. The guard position is usually characterized by a lower body mass, body fat percentage, and height, while the forward and center positions are usually taller, heavier, and have a higher percent of body fat.23 A strong relationship exists between body composition, aerobic fitness, anaerobic power, and positional roles in elite basketball.5,20, Little data exists on the typical body composition of high school basketball players. Body size, composition and somatotype differ between performance levels in speed running. Int. 12–24. 13:387–397. Silva AM, Fields DA, Heymsfield SB, Sardinha LB. to body composition.9 On the professional level, Table 1 summarizes the average anthropometrics of draftees and free agents in the NBA from 1997 to 2012.25 Overall, the data on height, body mass and composition of basketball teams suggests that players vary widely in body size independent of success rates.14,18,21 STRENGTH, POWER, AND AGILITY J. Int. Both genders increased their performance and associations were found between changes in molecular and whole-body components with performance. Strength Cond. Vertical jump, sprint times, and agility testing were performed; however, the results were not analyzed in relation to body composition.9 On the professional level, Table 1 summarizes the average anthropometrics of draftees and free agents in the NBA from 1997 to 2012.25 Overall, the data on height, body mass and composition of basketball teams suggests that players vary widely in body size independent of success rates.14,18,21, Strength, power, and agility are important predictors of basketball performance.12,15,26 For example, lower body strength has been shown to be a strong predictor of playing time,12 and together with upper body strength is responsible for successful under-the-basket movement execution. 12. The Components of Fitness is a term given to grouping of aspects relating to conditioning and attributes athletes can work on for sport. Muscle mass is determined The football players are shorter and have less body weight compared to the basketball and handball players. McGuine, G. Leverson, and T.M. Eur J Appl Physiol. Journal of Physical Education and Sports Management, 1(3), 28-32. Piiper J. and P. Spiller (1970). Body cell mass was calculated (LST - (ECF + ECS)). 95 g 220 lbs. SUMMARY: The aim of the present research was to analyze the body composition (BC) and the differences in BC among Ideal physique and physiology are not sufficient for excellence in basketball.15 However, understanding these components and using this knowledge to create training and nutrition plans can benefit athletes of all skill levels. 24. Cuiti, C., C. Marcello, C. Macisa, C. Onnisa, E. Solinasa, R. Laia, and C. Concu (2004). 41:69-75. Epub 2011 Nov 24. Make sure you have plenty of fluids on hand and rehydrate regularly. However, as described above, aerobic fitness should not be ignored, so a training program should also include work to build the cardiovascular base. Janeira M.A. Body Weight Carbohydrate (grams) 130 lbs. Quiterio AL, Carnero EA, Silva AM, Baptista F, Sardinha LB. On this list there are some surprising sports ranked high, though there is no doubt that body composition is one of the most important factors for jockeys and divers. J. 125 g OFFSEASON The offseason is a time to focus on your individual progress and any body composition changes that may be necessary. 110 g 250 lbs. Montgomery, P.G., D.B. Sports Sci. 6. The aerobic energy system uses oxygen to convert glucose and fat to energy and helps maintain the lower intensity and longer duration movements, which represent about 65% of the active game time.16, Coaches often overlook the contribution of the aerobic energy system for success in basketball; however, aerobic capacity is related to successful performance of high-intensity work over a period of time.  |  Sport. & JIMÉNEZ-DIAZ, J. F. Body composition features in different playing position of professional team indoor players: basketball, handball and futsal. While a quarter of game play for a high school athlete lasts 8 minutes of clock time, an average segment of play may last only 12–20 s.20 However, basketball players have been found to cover about 4500–5000 m (2.8–3.1 mi) during a 48–minute game.4 Also, in a simulated practice game, players were found to spend only 34.1% of the time playing, 56.8% walking, and 9.0% standing.20 Therefore, both the aerobic and anaerobic metabolic systems are required.3,4,24 When designing training and nutrition programs, it is important to note that the overall physical load, based on heart rate, and oxygen demand are greater for games than scrimmage practice situations.19 Analyses of physiological requirements of basketball in the past 20 years showed a major reliance on the anaerobic metabolism across positions,7 with secondary reliance on the aerobic energy system. J. to body composition.9 On the professional level, Table 1 summarizes the average anthropometrics of draftees and free agents in the NBA from 1997 to 2012.25 Overall, the data on height, body mass and composition of basketball teams suggests that players vary widely in body size independent of success rates.14,18,21 STRENGTH, POWER, AND AGILITY In: D.B. Sport Sci. basketball) or small (jockeys), heavy (sumo wrestling) or light (gymnastics). The purpose of a hydration plan is to help replace fluids lost from sweating and reduce the level of dehydration in order to maintain performance. Res. 2014 Dec;35(13):1101-5. doi: 10.1055/s-0034-1371839. Strength, speed and endurance changes during the course of a division I basketball season. Ostojic, S.M., S. Mazic, and N. Dikic (2006). Phys. 23. 7:34–36. SUMMARY: The aim of the present research was to analyze the body composition (BC) and the differences in BC among Oxford: Blackwell Science, pp. Anthropometric characteristics, somatotyping and body composition of volleyball and basketball players. 3:26-30. The Components of Fitness is a term given to grouping of aspects relating to conditioning and attributes athletes can work on for sport. Body composition, playing position and lev el of female elite basketball players (n=14). Sport. Ziv, G. and R. Lidor (2009). While the demands and characteristics of the athletes differ by position, they are not as drastically different as a sport like football. 21. While height, of course, is determined by genetics, changes in body composition can be achieved through proper training and nutrition. 42:409–417. The present study was designed to evaluate the anthropometric parameters, body composition and anaerobic power components of elite male and female basketball players and compare them in relation to gender and specific sport demands. Fat mass (FM) and fat-free mass (FFM) were assessed with a four-compartment model. (1985). Results: Playing basketball offers youth the opportunity to develop … Overall, the intermittent activity pattern in basketball demands aerobic capabilities sufficient to sustain repeated short bouts of high-intensity. Epub 2014 Jul 10. J. Appl. Twelve males and 11 females (16 to 17 years) were evaluated. J. Sci. basketball) or small (jockeys), heavy … Res. 22:1066-72. 20. Int. And because the muscular tissues occupy less space in the body than fat tissue, the body composition significantly affect body’s leanness. Br. Dependence of intensity of specific basketball exercise from aerobic capacity. 10:67–71. Low BF% has been related to decreased bone density, menstrual dysfunction, and disordered eating habits; high BF% has been related to the onset of cardiovascular disease risk factors. Strength Cond. J Strength Cond Res. Body Composition focuses on the physiological attributes of the athlete’s body. Sport performance is highly dependent on the health- and skill-related components of fitness (power, speed, agility, reaction time, balance, and Body Composition coordination) in addition to the athlete’s … Pyne, and M.J. Mckenna (2010). Sci. Res. Hoffman J.R., A.C. Fry, R. Howard, C. M. Maresh, and W.J. Application of standards and models in body composition analysis. Most elite basketball athletes tend to be relatively tall and lean. Conclusion: 26:22–29. Agility is the ability to move quickly and change directions under control to execute sport skills, whereas power is the ability to rapidly combine speed and strength, the best example of which may be sprinting and jumping abilities. Front Physiol. Relationship between changes in total-body water and fluid distribution with maximal forearm strength in elite judo athletes. Sports Med. 13. Natl. The present study was designed to evaluate the anthropometric parameters, body composition and anaerobic power components of elite male and female basketball players and compare them in relation to gender and specific sport demands. 33:229-232. Jalila (2007). Somatotype in high performance female netball players may influence player position and the incidence of lower limb and back injuries. Carlson, C.J. Hoffman, J.R. (2003). Strength Cond. Unpublished data, 15 year average of Combine results posted on NBA.com (1997-2012, N=4196), compiled by the analytics team for the San Antonio Spurs. Latin R.W., K. Berg, and T. Baechle (1994). Sports Physio. Med. He is also required to be physically domineering with more physical strength and athleticism.On the offensive play, most centres do not consistently score midrange or beyond the arch. A tactical metabolic training model for collegiate basketball. Anthropometric, body composition and somatotype differences of Greek elite basketball, volleyball and handball players Journal of sports medicine and physical fitness. Body Composition focuses on the physiological attributes of the athlete’s body.  |  Repayment of O2 dept and resynthesis of high energy phosphates in gastrocnemius muscle of the dog. Protein is … Phys. Attene G, Nikolaidis PT, Bragazzi NL, Dello Iacono A, Pizzolato F, Zagatto AM, Dal Pupo J, Oggianu M, Migliaccio GM, Mannucci Pacini E, Padulo J. Body composition is important because you are always running up and down the court. Muscular strength remains a neglected component during the regular season of basketball, even though focusing on this area strengthens the entire team. No measured variable distinguished athletes with two hypoechoic tendons from controls. Weekly training hours are associated with molecular and cellular body composition levels in adolescent athletes. Fitness test results of female elite basketball play ers (n=14). 2. Tab le 2. Gocentas, A., A. Landor, and A. Andziulis (2004). The study group consisted of 43 elite For many basketball players, maintaining their weight and lean mass through the long competitive season is often the biggest issue. National Center for Biotechnology Information, Unable to load your collection due to an error, Unable to load your delegates due to an error. Delextrat A. and D. Cohen (2008). Extreme levels of body fat (BF%) may bring about severe health consequences. Kraemer (1996). Perf. The proof is in the physiques and performance of today's top NBA stars. MENTE-SUAREZ, V. J. MENTE-SUAREZ, V. J. Delextrat et al5 showed that elite players achieved significantly better performances in the 1-repetition maximum (1-RM) bench press (+18.6% or 223 lbs) as compared to average-level players. HHS Game intensity in basketball. Sport. Improved aerobic power by detraining in basketball players mainly trained for strength. Lean tissue is known as metabolically active tissue, the tissue that burns calories all day. How Does Muscular Strength Help a Basketball Player?. basketball) or small (jockeys), heavy (sumo wrestling) or light (gymnastics). 5. This study aimed to characterize the body composition changes at the molecular, cellular, tissue, and whole-body level of analysis in elite junior basketball players during the course of a season. Eur. Physiological Differences Between Male and Female Athletes. Being less ectomorphic, with a greater fat free mass and strength, can explain significant differences in sprinting performances. Physiol. J. (1997). Gillam, G.M. In this study, the body fat percentage of male basketball players (14.7%) was higher than those observed in studies by Gerodimos et al. J. Appl. The game of basketball is characterized by frequent starts, stops, and changes of direction, all maintained over a period of time. The sport of basketball requires specific skills that can be completed under dynamic conditions, in most cases while moving at a high speed or while changing directions. 1. 16. The effects of travel on team performance in the Australian national netball competition. Basketball. Metaxas, T.I., N. Koutlianos, N.T. Body composition, playing position and lev el of female elite basketball players (n=14). In conclusion the season was associated with an improved body composition profile in males and few changes in females. The amount will vary depending upon playing time and the time of year (preseason, in-season, or postseason). J. Increases in intracellular water explain strength and power improvements over a season. Greene, J.J., T.A. Sport. Body composition, or the amount of lean muscle mass as compared to fat mass, is usually a consideration for most sports, and different compositions may predict success in different sports. J. J. Most elite basketball athletes tend to b… This study aimed to characterize the body composition changes at the molecular, cellular, tissue, and whole-body level of analysis in elite junior basketball players during the course of a season. 45:291-294. 11. A specific body composition may not be an essential factor for success in basketball as in other sports, although it strongly determines a player’s position. The first, ATP/PCr, generates the energy molecule adenosine triphosphate (ATP) from phosphocreatine (PCr) and is dependent on the ability of the muscle to regenerate the PCr molecule. J. The present study analyzed the changes in body composition and physical performance in wheelchair basketball (WB) players during one competitive season. Design and interpretation of anthropometric and fitness testing of basketball players. 80 g 190 lbs. 39:547-568. J. (See The Easy Basketball Diet .) exercise.2 The rules of the game, which allow ample substitution and provide rest periods during time-outs, halftime and between quarters, help promote the ability of the aerobic energy system to replenish the anaerobic system for sustained-high intensity efforts. 26. Anthropometric and performance measures for high school basketball players. McInnes S.E., J.S. Profiling in basketball: Physical and physiological characteristics of elite players. 18. 2011 Sep;25(9):2488-95. doi: 10.1519/JSC.0b013e3181fb3dfb. Lastly, game and strategic differences in playing style could impact the physiological requirements of the basketball player and should not be discounted.11. 65 g 160 lbs. 6:325-3335. Body composition is the percentage of fat, water, muscle, and bone in the human body. Epub 2015 Nov 6. Meckel Y., R. Gottlieb and A. Eliakim (2009). Pyne, and C.L. Body composition, such as the amount of body fat and muscle mass, can also significantly affect sporting performance. Coach Sport. Papers Anthrop. As a result, successful basketball athletes tend to possess high strength, power and agility while maintaining a fairly lean body composition. Bishop, D. (2004). 107:273–279. Total-body water (TBW) and extracellular water (ECW) were assessed using isotope dilution techniques, and extracellular (ECF) and intracellular fluids (ICF) were calculated. The range of carbohydrate intake suggested for basketball players is 5–7 (and up to 10) g/kg body weight (see sample diet below). These differences generally give men a competitive edge in sports that … Hoffman J.R., G. Tenenbaum, C.M. Body size and composition can be considered important in sports where you have an advantage of being tall (e.g. Silva AM, Santos DA, Matias CN, Rocha PM, Petroski EL, Minderico CS, Sardinha LB. While strength, power and agility may predict success in basketball, the sport does have an endurance component and the aerobic and anaerobic systems contribute to the overall energy demands. For many basketball players, maintaining their weight and lean mass through the long competitive season is often the biggest issue. Dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) was used to assess bone mineral (Mo) and lean-soft tissue (LST). The physical and physiological demands of basketball training and competition. Res. 7. body composition of volleyball and basketball players Vishaw Gaurav, Mandeep Singh* and Sukhdev Singh Department of Physical Education (T), Guru Nanak Dev University, Amritsar, Punjab, India. 17. Fit. (2000). 2012 Jul;112(7):2727-37. doi: 10.1007/s00421-011-2221-8. 19:425-432. Hooper, D.M. USA.gov. Physical and performance characteristics of NCAA division I male basketball players. This is a very common tool used in sports as a way of determining the nature of the athlete’s physical development. Accepted 8 October, 2010 The purpose of the study was to compare the anthropometric characteristics and somatotype of the Elite players have been found to have superior agility and sprint times compared to average-level players.5 By position, point guards were found to be faster than forwards and centers in agility tests with surprisingly no differences among these players in sprint tests.10 Significant differences have been found in vertical jump performance between different levels of basketball players,5,10 suggesting that the best players tend to jump higher than others. Physiological testing of basketball players: toward a standard evaluation of anaerobic fitness. Sallet, P., D. Perrier, J.M. 5:144–149. McKeag (ed). The handgrip and the countermovement jump tests were used for performance assessment. J. Morphol., 32(4):1316-1324, 2014. The centre is usually the team’s tallest and strongest player and is positioned under the basket. Overall, the anaerobic energy systems are responsible for success in the large volume of jumps, sprints, accelerations and decelerations that occur during a game.14,16 Research has found that a player will have 1,000 changes of movement patterns, those changes occurring on average every 2 s;6 relying on the ability of the muscle to produce a large amount of energy quickly. body composition of volleyball and basketball players Vishaw Gaurav, Mandeep Singh* and Sukhdev Singh Department of Physical Education (T), Guru Nanak Dev University, Amritsar, Punjab, India. J. Appl. Train. J. While most of the skill work is performed at a high intensity, a certain level of endurance is important to meet game demands throughout the duration of the contest. Body composition can be considered important in sports where you have an advantage of being tall (e.g. Sci. Just like the rest of us, basketball players are trying to keep their body fat down and their muscle mass up. These athletes have muscular builds with very low body fat percentages—body structures that allow them to be explosive on the court. Smartplay Preventing Basketball Injuries Fact … The present study analyzed the changes in body composition and physical performance in wheelchair basketball (WB) players during one competitive season. Males increased FFM (4.4±2.3%), TBW (3.5±4.6%), SM (4.5±2.3%), and arm (3.4±2.7%) and thigh (3.8±3%) Mc. 19. Med. While height, of course, is determined by genetics, changes in body composition can be achieved through proper training and nutrition. Physiological demands of competitive basketball. In the NBA, the center (C) players are the tallest on the team. Fit. It is clear that training the anaerobic energy system is a key to success in the game of basketball. J. Müller MJ, Braun W, Pourhassan M, Geisler C, Bosy-Westphal A. Proc Nutr Soc. Time-motion analysis and physiological data of elite under-19-year-old basketball players during competition. Basketball puts a lot of stress on the body and injuries can happen, so warming up, stretching your muscles and joints, and cooling down is important. The following is an exclusive excerpt from the book NSCA's Guide to Tests and Assessments, published by Human Kinetics.All text and images provided by Human Kinetics. Some basketball players have vertical jump values as high as 35” in order to fulfill requirements for top-level performance.1,15,21 Table 2 shows Combine assessment data of NBA players illustrated by position.25 Overall, to meet the demands of the game, basketball athletes should focus on strength, agility and power development, using short and intense exercises. 10. This will include information on such things like muscle to fat ratios within the body of the athlete. Repeated sprint tests in young basketball players at different game stages. In other words, two people with same weight may look differently because of their distinctive body composition. In this study of elite female basketball players, several anthropometric and body composition variables distinguished athletes with one hypoechoic tendon from controls. The second, anaerobic glycolysis, relies on glucose derived from muscle glycogen. 38:565–578. Preseason physiological profile of soccer and basketball players in different divisions. 4. Repeated Sprint Ability in Young Basketball Players (Part 2): The Chronic Effects of Multidirection and of One Change of Direction Are Comparable in Terms of Physiological and Performance Responses. Physiology of basketball. PROTEIN. 3. 2009 Mar;49(1):54-63. Body composition changes among elite athletes may influence competitive performance. Identification of anthropometric and physiological characteristics relative to participation in college basketball. As a result, comparisons were made separately. The components of fitness include Strength, Power, Speed, Endurance, Balance, Coordination, Reaction Time, Muscular Endurance, Cardiovascular Fitness, Body Composition and Flexibility. Get the latest public health information from CDC: https://www.coronavirus.gov, Get the latest research information from NIH: https://www.nih.gov/coronavirus, Find NCBI SARS-CoV-2 literature, sequence, and clinical content: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/sars-cov-2/. Please enable it to take advantage of the complete set of features! Strength Cond. 3:391-405. (2004).  |  J. Athl. Narazaki, K., K. Narazaki, K. Berg, N. Stergiou, and B. Chen (2009). Clipboard, Search History, and several other advanced features are temporarily unavailable. In theory, there is a strong relationship between body composition and positional roles in elite basketball. J. Med. 15. Scand. The study group consisted of 43 elite Body composition analysis is a method of describing what the body is made of, differentiating between fat, protein, minerals, and body water to give you a snapshot of your health. Best (1998). Maresh, and W.J. References. 2 0 0 6 J u n Assessment of abilities in basketball: preliminary study. Skeletal muscle (SM) was estimated using appendicular LST (ALST) as: (1.19 x ALST) - 1.65. Females increased SM (5.9±4.6%) and arm (3.6±3.8%) and thigh (4±5.2%) Mc and decreased ICF (-9.7±13.6%). Med. Information herein is intended for professional audiences, including scientists, coaches, medical professionals, athletic trainers, nutritionists, dietitians and other sports health professionals who have a fundamental understanding of human physiology. One study has been published in which high school male (n=61) and female (n=54) players in Madison, WI, were described.9 The female athletes weighed an average of 61.54 ± 8.68 kg (135.39 ± 19.10 lbs) with 20.45 ± 4.65 % body fat, and the males weighed an average of 74.95 ± 12.02 kg (164.89 ± 26.44 lbs) with 11.98 ± 4.30 % body fat. Body composition, or the amount of lean muscle mass as compared to fat mass, is usually a consideration for most sports, and different compositions may predict success in different sports. Taylor, J. COVID-19 is an emerging, rapidly evolving situation. Therefore, the primary purpose of this study was to assess longitudinal body composition changes among female collegiate athletes across 3 years. Body composition testing determines how much of your body is and isn't fat. Accepted 8 October, 2010 The purpose of the study was to compare the anthropometric characteristics and somatotype of the Methods: NIH ies have documented changes in body composition in female collegiate athletes from pre- to postseason; however, longitudinal studies examining changes across years are scarce. NLM Changes in regional body composition explain increases in energy expenditure in elite junior basketball players over the season. Int J Sports Med. Strength, power and speed development again become the center of training. Methods: Twelve males and 11 females (16 to 17 years) were evaluated. Develops fundamental movement skills. 23:1704-1713. This is a very common tool used in sports as a way of determining the nature of the athlete’s physical development. 20:740-744. Minahan (2010). The non-fat part of your body is called lean tissue, which includes your muscle, water, bone and organs. Physical attributes, physiological characteristics, on-court performances and nutritional strategies of female and male basketball players. For example, a positive correlation was found between basketball-specific repeated sprint ability from game results to maximal oxygen uptake (VO2max), indicating aerobic system maintenance during the last stages of the game.17 In other studies, VO2max was correlated to the duration of running and jumping during a simulated game20 and to oxygen uptake and intensity during game play.16,24 Average VO2max values for female and male basketball players have been reported in the range of 44.0–54.0 and 50–60 mL/kg/min, respectively,26 although values vary by position, with guards tending to have a higher aerobic capacity than centers.23 One study suggests that monitoring the heart rate of players during practice is related to VO2max and could help to enhance the quality of practice in establishing and maintaining a level of aerobic fitness.8, The relatively high level of aerobic demand, despite the high percent of playing time spent walking and standing, suggests aerobic metabolism is critical in the removal of lactate and the restoration of PCr, which are known to be oxygen-dependent processes.22 The regeneration of PCr provides the muscle with energy to continue high-intensity contractions. And attributes athletes can work on for sport physical development power and agility while maintaining fairly! Different playing position of professional team indoor players: toward a standard evaluation anaerobic... Clipboard, Search History, and N. Dikic ( 2006 ) players during competition R.W., K. Berg and... Junior basketball players to sustain repeated short bouts of high-intensity one competitive season profiling in:... Position and the time of year ( preseason, in-season, or postseason ) the athletes differ by,. Fat and muscle mass up ( gymnastics ) in molecular and cellular body profile. Function of playing position of professional team indoor players: basketball, handball futsal... Variable distinguished athletes with two hypoechoic tendons from controls regular season of basketball is by... And muscle mass is determined by genetics, changes in body composition changes that be! Fat ( BF % ) may bring about severe health consequences may be.... 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