Shortest mean distance between Sun and Mercury is about 57.91 million kilometer or about 0.3871 astronomical unit (AU) [ Convert 57.91 million kilometer to different units ] Mercury is 1 st planet in our solar system view full reference table The distance from the Earth to the Sun in feet is 491,040,000,000 (491 billion) feet or 5280 ft/mile x 93 million miles approximately. Depending on where you live worldwide, the innermost planet Mercury reaches its greatest elongation from the sun on July 29 or 30, 2017. Mercury spins slowly on its axis and completes one rotation every 59 Earth days. Examples: Scale 1 : 100000000 or Sun Diameter = 10 cm or Neptune Distance from Sun = 1000 ft. The precise distance between the two planets depends on where they are in their respective orbits. That is its farthest point from the sun on our sky’s dome. Dec. 26, 1974: Salyut 4 space station launches into orbit. At its brightest, it can reach magnitude -1.9, a little brighter than Sirius, the brightest star in the sky. It takes 87.96 Earth days for Mercury to revolve around the sun, faster than any other planet, and 58.7 Earth days to … Mercury, named after a Roman god, is 36 million miles away from the sun and 48 million miles from Earth. An astronomical unit (au) is the average distance of the Earth from the Sun and is the most common unit for the distance calculation in the solar system. Planetary data for Mercury *Time required for the planet to return to the same position in the sky relative to the Sun as seen from Earth. The best holiday season deals on Meade telescopes and binoculars, The best holiday season deals on Sky-Watcher telescopes and binoculars. As an example, the distance between the planet Mercury and Earth can range from 77 million km at the closest point, to as far as 222 million km at the farthest. Distance from the Sun: 1st planet from the sun, 36 million miles (57.9 million km) Type of Planet: Terrestrial (has a hard rocky surface) What is Mercury like? You will receive a verification email shortly. Mercury rotates one and a half times during each orbit. Distance from the Sun: 1st planet from the sun, 36 million miles (57.9 million km) Type of Planet: Terrestrial (has a hard rocky surface) What is Mercury like? Future US, Inc. 11 West 42nd Street, 15th Floor, It takes 87.96 Earth days for Mercury to revolve around the sun, faster than any other planet, and 58.7 Earth days to … And if you have a news tip, correction or comment, let us know at: community@space.com. It speeds around the Sun every 88 days, traveling through space at nearly 29 miles (47 kilometers) per second, faster than any other planet. Explore content created by others. Thank you for signing up to Space. © The distance from Earth to Sun in light years is 0.000158 light years. His writing covers science, math and home improvement and design, as well as religion and the oriental healing arts. For problems involving orbits around the Sun, it is convenient to use Earth as the standard. Mercury, named after a Roman god, is 36 million miles away from the sun and 48 million miles from Earth. The diagram illustrates the effects of the eccentricity, showing Mercury's orbit overlaid with a circular orbit having the same semi-major axis. New York, Mercury’s proximity to the Sun has also been exploited to confirm predictions made by relativity theory about the way gravity affects space and time. Minimum (seconds of arc) 4.5 Maximum visual magnitude -2.43 Mean values at inferior conjunction with Earth Distance from Earth (10 6 km) 91.70 Apparent diameter (seconds of arc) 11.0 0 Comment. Enter scale or diameter or distance, select to show table and/or map below, select options, then press Calculate. Mercury Distance From Sun And Earth. Now that Pluto is no longer classified as a planet, Mercury is the smallest planet in the solar system. Mercury is a planet in the solar system and is the closest planet to the sun. About how many more kilometers is the distance of Venus from the Sun than the distance of Mercury from the Sun? Because of this 3:2 resonance, a day on Mercury (sun rise to sun rise) is 176 Earth days long as shown by the following diagram. Mercury is hard to spot most nights. See more SpaceKids questions. Mercury’s proximity to the Sun has also been exploited to confirm predictions made by relativity theory about the way gravity affects space and time. Venus is the exception, as its proximity to the Sun and dense atmosphere make it our solar system's hottest planet. On Mercury, the sun looms about three times larger than it does on Earth. Universe Today: How Far Are the Planets from the Sun. The distance from the sun to mercury is over 9 million miles. Mercury live position and data. mean distance from Sun: 57,909,227 km (0.39 AU) The distance from Earth to the Sun, calculated in meters is approximately 140,000,000,000 meters. Mercury is an average distance of 48 million miles (77 million km) from Earth. Mercury is one of the four planets in the solar system that is a rocky planet. This would happen when Mercury was at its furthest from the Sun, and Earth is at its closest. Now that Pluto is no longer classified as a planet, Mercury is the smallest planet in the solar system. The average temperatures of planets in our solar system are: Mercury - 800°F (430°C) during the day, -290°F (-180°C) at night Mercury is the closest planet to the sun. Combined with a 3:2 spin–orbit resonance of the planet's rotation around its axis, it also results in complex variations of the surface temperature. When this happens, Mercury and Earth would be separated by … It is the smallest planet in the solar system, with a diameter of 3,031 miles. Like the moon, Mercury has very little atmosphere to stop impacts and it is covered with craters. This would happen when Mercury was at its furthest from the Sun, and Earth is at its closest. But when Mercury is moving fastest in its elliptical orbit around the Sun (and it is closest to the Sun), each rotatio… Please refresh the page and try again. As a result, the angular diameter of the Sun from Mercury is much larger: about 1.4°. The eccentricity of Mercury's orbit, which is a measure of how much it differs from a circular orbit, is 0.2056. Mercury's highly eccentric, egg-shaped orbit takes the planet as close as 29 million miles (47 million kilometers) and as far as 43 million miles (70 million kilometers) from the Sun. Mercury is the first planet from Sun and Earth is the third planet from the Sun. Scientific notation- 5.7* 10^7 \\ "km" Venus- 108 million kilometers. That's less than 40 percent of the distance from Earth to the sun. Calculate the scaled planet diameters and planet-sun distances for a solar system model. That's less than 40 percent of the distance from Earth to the sun. When Mercury is closest to the sun, it is only 46 million kilometers (29 million miles) distant, but when the planet is rounding the opposite focus of its orbit, it is 70 million kilometers (43 million miles) away from the sun. Mercury is hard to spot most nights. Mercury live position and data. In mid-September and mid-March, the Earth is well placed to viewthe long a… Unlike a circle, an ellipse doesn't have a center; instead, it has two foci, and in the case of Mercury's orbit, the sun occupies one of them. It is the smallest planet in the solar system, with a diameter of 3,031 miles. Calculator for the average distances of the planets from the Sun and of the Moon from the Earth, in relation to each other or in kilometers, miles, astronomical units and light-years. The resonance makes a single solar day on Mercury last exactly two Mercury years, or about 176 Earth days. SpaceKids on SPACE.com provides simple, straightforward answers to really big cosmic questions. Ice may even exist in craters. These rocky planets are called ‘Terrestrial Planets’ On This Day in Space! Mercury is the smallest planet in the solar system. Continue the conversation on That's more than 10 times greater than the eccentricity of Earth's orbit, which is 0.0167. The closest distance between Mercury and the Sun is 46 million kilometers or 29 million miles, the farthest distance is 70 million kilometers or 43 million miles, with an average distance of 57 million kilometers or 35 million miles. This page shows Mercury location and other relevant astronomical data in real time. Perihelion and Aphelion: Mercury orbits the Sun at an average distance (semi-major axis) of 0.387 AU (57,909,050 km; 35,983,015 mi). Mercury is the closest planet to the Sun. Pla mercury is so close to the sun which is the est pla to earth general features of mercury closest neighbouring pla scale model of the solar system. The maximum distance is 43.5 million miles. Earth's year of 365.25 days =1 and Earth's average distance from the Sun (92,900,000 miles) would also equal 1 (this distance is also known as an astronomical unit). When Mercury is closest to the sun, it is only 46 million kilometers (29 million miles) distant, but when the planet is rounding the opposite focus of its orbit, it is 70 million kilometers (43 million miles) away from the sun. The distance of planet Mercury from the Sun is approximately 5.8 ⋅ 107 kilometers, and the distance of planet Venus from the Sun is 1.1 ⋅ 108 kilometers. Mercury's orbit is elliptical, though, and its distance from the sun varies by 24 million kilometers (15 million miles). Visit our corporate site. There was a problem. Mercury's distance from the Sun ranges from 28.6 million miles (46 million km) to 43.4 million miles (69.8 million km). Mercury's elongation from the Sun on this date is 24.3°, much greater than in March, but recall that elongation is measured along the ecliptic. On thinglink.com, edit images, videos and 360 photos in one place. There is a huge amount of different in the distances between the planets depending on their position on their orbit path. Because Mercury's poles aren't tilted relative to its orbit, temperature differences caused by its changing distance to the sun are the closest the planet has to experiencing seasons. Distance from Earth: 57 million miles, at the closest point in its orbit; Mean Distance from Sun: 36 million miles (57.9 million km) Satellites: 0; Rings: 0; © 2000â 2015 Sandbox Networks, Inc., publishing as Fact Monster mean distance from Sun: 57,909,227 km (0.39 AU) As an example, the distance between the planet Mercury and Earth can range from 77 million km at the closest point, to as far as 222 million km at the farthest. Join our Space Forums to keep talking space on the latest missions, night sky and more! As with all the planets, Mercury is not always the same distance from the Sun. Distance from the sun: About 36 million miles, slightly more than 1/3 as far as the Earth. The Space website notes the distance of Mercury from the Sun to be approximately 28.5 million miles to 43.5 million miles. This means that Mercury's separation from the Sun at greatest elongationvaries, depending where it lies relative to the aphelion or perihelion pointsof its orbit. The planet Mercury is the closest planet to the sun. He began writing online in 2010, offering information in scientific, cultural and practical topics. Mercury’s orbit is not a perfect circle, so its distance from the sun varies. Mercury has a rocky surface and an iron core. The precise distance between the two planets depends on where they are in their respective orbits. This isn't necessarily due to its distance from Earth: The planet orbits close to the sun, which means its light is usually washed out in the evening sky. The celestial coordinates, magnitude, distances and speed are updated in real time and are computed using high quality data sets provided by the JPL Horizons ephemeris service (see acknowledgements for details). This isn't necessarily due to its distance from Earth: The planet orbits close to the sun, which means its light is usually washed out in the evening sky. However, it more normally hovers at around magnitude 0, becoming roughly the fifth brightest object in … Mercury's dayside is super-heated by the sun, but at night temperatures drop hundreds of degrees below freezing. Mercury Observational Parameters Discoverer: Unknown Discovery Date: Prehistoric Distance from Earth Minimum (10 6 km) 77.3 Maximum (10 6 km) 221.9 Apparent diameter from Earth Maximum (seconds of arc) 13. Mercury is the closest planet to the sun, and on average, it is 57 million kilometers (35 million miles) away. It takes 87.969 Earth days to complete an orbit. Mercury orbits the Sun at an average distance of about 36 million miles (58 million km). Chris Deziel holds a Bachelor's degree in physics and a Master's degree in Humanities, He has taught science, math and English at the university level, both in his native Canada and in Japan. Mercury is the closest planet to the sun. Copyright 2020 Leaf Group Ltd. / Leaf Group Media, All Rights Reserved. Mercury is the first planet from Sun and Earth is the third planet from the Sun. A secondary effect is that Mercury is unusual among the planets for having asignificantly non-circular orbit, which varies in its distance from the Sun by52% between its closest approach (perihelion, labelled P in the diagram to theright) and greatest distance (aphelion, labelled A). The distances of all the planets from the Sun in scientific notation and exponential form- Mercury- 57 million kilometers. Mercury has a rocky surface and an iron core. The minimum distance from the sun to Mercury is 28.5 million miles. Space is part of Future US Inc, an international media group and leading digital publisher. Rotation around the Sun: 88 Earth days; Your weight: If you weigh 100 pounds on Earth, you would weigh 38 pounds on Mercury. Unlike Earth, which circles the sun in a nearly circular orbit, Mercury orbits in an ellipse. When it is closest to the sun, it is only 29 million miles (47 million km), but at its farthest, the distance to Mercury is 43 million miles (70 million km). There is a huge amount of different in the distances between the planets depending on their position on their orbit path. Planetary surface temperatures tend to get colder the farther a planet is from the Sun. In the diagram the varying distance of Mercury to the Sun is represented by the size of the planet, which is inversely proportional to Mercury's distance from the Sun. Because Mercury's poles aren't tilted relative to its orbit, temperature differences caused by its changing distance to the sun are the closest the planet has to experiencing seasons. Get breaking space news and the latest updates on rocket launches, skywatching events and more! Mercury's orbital period would then be (88/365.25) or .241 Earth years. Please deactivate your ad blocker in order to see our subscription offer. NY 10036. Mercury is the closest planet to the sun, and on average, it is 57 million kilometers (35 million miles) away. In fact, it's the most eccentric orbit of any of the eight planets in the solar system. Shortest mean distance between Sun and Mercury is about 57.91 million kilometer or about 0.3871 astronomical unit (AU) [ Convert 57.91 million kilometer to different units] Mercury is … We already know that the distance of all the planets are generally calculated by keeping the Sun as the main location point. This varying distance to the Sun leads to Mercury's surface being flexed by tidal bulges raised by the Sun that are about 17 times stronger than the Moon's on Earth. The celestial coordinates, magnitude, distances and speed are updated in real time and are computed using high quality data sets provided by the JPL Horizons ephemeris service (see acknowledgements for details). The minimum distance from the sun to Mercury is 28.5 million miles. When this happens, Mercury and Earth would be … Mercury's orbit is elliptical, though, and its distance from the sun varies by 24 million kilometers (15 million miles). Mercury has the most eccentric orbit of all the planets; its eccentricity is 0.21 with its distance from the Sun ranging from 46,000,000 to 70,000,000 km (29,000,000 to 43,000,000 mi). Planetary data for Mercury *Time required for the planet to return to the same position in the sky relative to the Sun as seen from Earth. Mercury is the innermost planet in the solar system, orbiting the Sun at a distance of 0.387 AU once every 88 days. Orbit of Mercury relative to other planets in our solar system. Space photos: The most amazing images this week! Mercury’s orbit is not a perfect circle, so its distance from the sun varies. Mercury's higher velocity when it is near perihelion is clear from the greater distance it covers in each 5-day interval. Mercury is an average distance of 48 million miles (77 million km) from Earth. Distance between sun to Mercury, Venus, earth , mars, Jupiter, Saturn Uranus & Neptune By Hilman Rojak | February 1, 2019. Although Mercury is not tidally locked to the Sun, its rotational period is tidally coupled to its orbital period. read more This page shows Mercury location and other relevant astronomical data in real time. The sun as seen from Mercury, which is about 36 million miles from the sun or 39 percent of the distance from Earth to the sun. How Far Is Mercury From The Sun E. Is an average distance of 48 million miles away from the Sun varies by 24 kilometers... God, is 36 million miles page shows Mercury location and other relevant astronomical in..., correction or comment, let US know at: community @ SPACE.com it covers in each 5-day interval practical... Rotation every 59 Earth days miles ( 58 million km ) from Earth greater than eccentricity. 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